This page contains quotations of the works cited in "Why Pilate Ordered the Death of Yeshua"; edited by Daniel B. Sedory. All quotations of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are taken from the 1995 edition of the NASB. ["Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE, Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960,1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988, 1995. Used by permission."]

Luke 13:1
1 Now on the same occasion there were some present who reported to Him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with [i.e., shed along with] their sacrifices.

Although this event is otherwise unattested, Josephus recorded several similar events that had been instigated or perpetrated by Pilate (Jewish Wars "Pilate Occasions Disturbances" 2.9.2-4 [2.169-177]; Jewish Antiquities "Sedition of the Jews against Pontius Pilate" 18.3.1-2 [18.55-62]; "How the Samaritans made a Tumult and Pilate Destroyed many of Them" 18.4.1 [18.85-87] ), so we believe it's quite reasonable for historians to consider this event rererenced in Luke as authentic.

John 18:38
38 Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?" And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews and said to them, "I find no guilt in Him."

John 19:6-10
 6 So when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying, "Crucify, crucify!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him."
 7 The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He made Himself out to be the Son of God."
 8 Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid;
 9 and he entered into the Praetorium [i.e., governor's official residence] again and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus gave him no answer.
10 So Pilate said to Him, "You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?"

Luke 23:14-15
14 And said to them, "You brought this man to me as one who incites the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him.
15 No, nor has Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him."
Luke 23:22
22 And he said to them the third time, "Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will punish Him and release Him."

Esther 3:6
6 But he disdained to lay hands on Mordecai alone, for they had told him who the people of Mordecai were; therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus.

John 19:19-22
19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS."
20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews'; but that He said, 'I am King of the Jews.' "
22 Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written."




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Last Update: 24 December 2005; 19 July 2017.